Gum disease

Gum disease

Gingivitis

Hundreds of species of bacteria live in your mouth. Many are beneficial and harmless, but others grow on your teeth to form a thin biofilm: the dental plaque.

Effective brushing technique with a duration of 2 minutes can eliminate most of the dental plaque. What remains can harden and become tartar after a few days. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Gum inflammation and bleeding when tooth brushing are symptoms of gingivitis. This disease usually resolves after a dental cleaning performed by a professional in a clinic.

 

Gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease

It is important to treat gingivitis quickly before it turns into periodontitis because the bone that supports the teeth could deteriorate and weaken the teeth.

Note that pregnancy gingivitis is usually only temporary, since it is caused by hormonal changes. Everything returns to normal after childbirth.

You think you might have gingivitis? Contact us quickly. Our experienced team will be able to make a diagnosis and give you advice that applies to you.

Periodontitis

Persistent inflammation ends up creating spaces between the teeth and gums where bacteria multiply. Periodontitis, a deep infection of the gums, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.

Fortunately, early intervention can prevent tooth loss.  The first phase of the treatment is an in-depth dental cleaning, sometimes combined with antibiotic therapy. In cases of severe periodontitis, when pockets of more than 5mm form between your gums and teeth, surgery will be necessary.

A few tips

Without treatment, gingivitis harmful bacteria can enter the bloodstream and affect the heart, lungs, and other organs. Gingivitis also aggravates diabetes complications and increases the risk of heart disease. Genetics, hormonal changes, and some medications can also cause gingivitis. To reduce the risk of gingivitis, we recommend the following:

  1. Tooth brushing twice a day for 2 minutes with fluoride toothpaste recognized by the Canadian Dental Association (a seal of approval should be on the packaging).
  2. Flossing daily.
  3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash.
  4. Replacing the toothbrush every three months.
  5. Consuming foods that are rich in calcium.
  6. Avoiding smoking and sticky sweets.
  7. Consulting your dentist regularly, according to the frequency recommended.

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Seal of approval from the Canadian Dental Association

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