Implant surgery procedure

Implant surgery procedure

1 – Placement of the dental implant

Implant surgery is usually performed in the dentist’s office under local anesthesia. A sedative can be administered by the surgeon to relax the patient during surgery. In rare cases, general anesthesia at the hospital can be used to perform the procedure.

  • The surgeon begins by exposing the jawbone by making an incision in the gum where the dental implant will be placed.
  • The surgeon then prepares a small hole in the bone of the jaw using surgical instruments, while making sure not to affect neighboring nerves and sinuses.
  • Subsequently, the dental implant is placed into the site, at the same level as the bone under the gums.
  • Then, a period typically ranging from three to six months is necessary for the jawbone to fuse with the implant (osseointegration). During this period, the implant attaches also to the gums that are completing their healing process.

In some cases, when teeth are extracted to be replaced by implants, it is possible for the specialist to place implants directly into the tooth sockets (holes left by the extracted teeth) immediately following removal of the teeth. This technique is called “immediate dental implant placement”. Despite the fact that the implant is inserted directly after the tooth is extracted, a period of three to six months is still required to allow bone and gum tissues to heal and osseointegration to occur.