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Every day we drink and eat food. After chewing, we use saliva and muscles from our tongue and mouth to move this food towards the digestive system. Unfortunately, some small food debris remains in the mouth. This debris can stay on the surfaces of the teeth.
Combined with bacteria naturally present in the mouth, this debris will form, after a period of twenty-four hours without brushing your teeth, a thin layer (biofilm) called dental plaque.
Acids released by these bacteria, while transforming sugars, will encourage the adhesion of plaque to the teeth and gums. These same acids attack directly the tooth enamel, causing tooth decay.
From the first day without brushing your teeth, this gelatinous and hardly detectable film will thicken and make your teeth appear less bright and shiny.
After a few days, mineral salts from saliva will lead to hardening and calcification of the plaque which will then become dental tartar. But before undergoing this transformation, the plaque can easily be eliminated by simple tooth brushing and the use of dental floss on a regular basis.
Tartar is the result of the aging and calcification of dental plaque. Highly resistant deposits stay near the gum line, on the tooth surfaces, and are gradually expanding to the roots as well. With a color ranging from white to brown, tartar may also present a darker, almost black coloring, according to the consumption of coffee, tea, and tobacco.
An obvious cause of tooth decay and several gum diseases, it is very important to eliminate it. Tartar is too hard and often difficult to access without the help of dental instruments; tooth brushing does not normally eliminate it. A hygienist, dentist or periodontist should carry out dental scaling.